Merging of Green Criminology with Cultural Criminology and Confronting Environmental Crisis in Light of United Nations Actions

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Candidate in Law, University of Tehran, Kish International Campus. All websites accessed 1 July 2021.

2 Associate Professor of Criminal Law and Criminology, University of Tehran.

3 Assistant Professor of Criminal Law and Criminology, Allameh Tabataba’i University



In recent decades, the different aspects of environmental crisis have been depicted. Based on such a dangerous situation, some studies have been made from different perspectives and some solutions have been provided. One of these studies, as suggested by Michael Lynch on environmental issues and crimes against environment, concerns green criminology (“GC”). Additionally, two scholars, Nigel South and Avi Brisman, have proposed merging two theories with a view to offering better solutions in this area. Likewise, the United Nations, as its mission, has been involved in these kinds of environmental issues and based on that, some instruments have been approved. The present article employs descriptive analytical research approach to define green criminology. It also proposes some other analyses to justify merging these two theories. In addition, it provides suggestions to help the environment and the coming generation in light of some related UN documents. This article will examine some practical solutions based on both green cultural criminal theory and UN aims for solving environmental crisis.